The Anniversary of the Belarusian Komsomol
The exhibition is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Leninist Young Communist League of Belarus founded on September 24, 1920. There was the 1st Congress of the organization on that day. The 1st Congress of the Komsomol organizations of the Western Commune was held in Smolensk on December 25–27, 1918. It established the program, the statute and some resolutions on organizational issues, which were declared as actual by the 1st All-Belarusian Congress of the Komsomol in 1920. So, the 12th Plenum of the Central Committee of the Leninist Young Communist League of Belarus (1990) also proved December 25, 1918 as the time of the foundation of the Leninist Young Communist League of Belarus. There are some youth organizations in the country nowadays.
The Soviet Komsomol consisted of the population aged 14 to 28. So, the theme of the Komsomol and youth in life and art was inseparable. The displayed works are free of the Komsomol features. They are just about young people.
The collection of the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus shows the Komsomol movement historically and in different activities. Its starting is depicted in the works of Juryj Pen, Mikhail Filipovich, Jaugen Zajtsaw, Raisa Kudrievich, Aliaksandr Finski, Mikalaj Jakavienka. The war events and heroes are presented in the works of Siargej Vakar, Isaak Davidovich, Maj Dantsyg, Valiantsin Zankovich, Barys Ivontsjew, Algerd Malishiewski, Mikhail Savitski, Anatol Sieliatytski. The youth postwar construction and production is captured in the works of Ivan Akhriemchyk, Anatol Bachkarow, Valiantsin Barawko, Raisa Kudrievich, Lew Lejtman, Piotr Lysienka, Leanid Marchanka, Mikalaj Ryzhykaw, Ivan Tsikhanaw, Mikhail Chiepik. Studies, rest, sports, military service are in the works of Zair Azgur, Andrej Zaspitski, Aliaksandr Kishchanka, Nadzeja Livientsava, Aliaksandr Miatlitski, Mikalaj Paliankow, Mikalaj Seleshchuk, Leanid Shchamialiow. The displayed works are made in the style of socialist realism. A number of them were exhibited at the anniversary exhibitions dedicated to the All-Union (1968) and Belarusian (1971) Komsomol – the works of Ivan Akhriemchyk, Siargej Vakar, Isaak Davidovich, Juryj Zajtsaw, Raisa Kudrievich, Piotr Lysienka, Algerd Malishiewski, Mikalaj Ryzhykaw, Mikhail Savitski, Mikalaj Jakavienka.
It is seen how people, time, and art changed through the painting, graphics and sculpture of the 1920s – the 1980s. The artists gradually mastered fresh subjects according to their attitude and style in the 1920s. The theme of youth was in the art of 70-year-old Juryj Pen and 30-year-old Mikhail Filipovich. Raisa Kudrievich, Juryj Zajtsaw, Aliaksandr Finski, Mikalaj Jakavienka depicted events and characters of that time within romantic concept. The theme of youth was traditionally associated with the delicacy of feeling and thought, purity intentions, self-sacrificing attitude in the name of the idea. Life and ideology influenced on art, and the art influenced on the life. These masters’ works are special with their individual styles associated with artists’ choice and abilities: Raisa Kudrievich’s emotional and free painting, Mikalaj Jakavienka’s modeling, Juryj Zajtsaw’s dynamic forms, Aliaksandr Finski’s calm narration.
The works devoted to the war are dramatic and emotional, sometimes expressive, for example, tragic and elegiac paintings by Algerd Malishiewski, Mikhail Savitski, Isaak Davidovich, Maj Dantsyg and Raisa Kudrievich. Based on specific events and realities, the artists interpret life as concepts of faith, struggle, courage and self-sacrifice. Siargej Vakar, Barys Ivontsjew and Anatol Sieliatytski made the particular historical figures. However, the portrait sculpture has a monumental and generalized specificity of the image and form.
A number of works, mostly Lew Lejtman’s and Mikhail Chiepik’s, depict the youth’s achievements. Only Lew Lejtman’s composition lacks the creative manner as the Soviet art refused it that time. But, his characters are gentle and cheerful. Mikhail Chiepik depicts students’ teams as ‘perpetuum mobile’ using some formal methods of the art of the 1920s.
The pathos of pure, bright and active youth is in the works of Raisa Kudrievich, Maj Dantsyg, Nadzeja Livientsava, Piotr Lysienka, Mikalaj Ryzhykaw, Leanid Shchamialiow, Mikalaj Seleshchuk, Ivan Tsikhanaw, Valiantsin Barawko. These works show reality and dream of a nice person who is a builder of ‘better tomorrow’.
Barys Ivontsjew. 1926–1985. Portrait of Piotr Kupryjanaw (1926–1944), the Hero of the Soviet Union. 1975. Bronze. 55х43х37
Mikalaj Jakavienka. 1932–2006. Restore! 1958. Bronze. 61х41х87
Siargej Vakar. 1928–1998. Portrait of Mikalaj Kedyshka (1923–1943), the Hero of the Soviet Union. 1967. Labrador
ZairAzgur. 1908–1995. Natasha Sielikhanava, Komsomolmember. 1958.Marble, granite. 83х68х48
Andrej Zaspitski. 1924–2019. Gymnasts. 1971. Aluminium. 38,3х41х20
Anatol Bachkarow. 1942–1997. Portrait of M. Silovaya, student, member of construction gang. 1970–1972. Granite. 43х20х36
Anatol Saliatytski. 1940. Portrait of Olga Solomova (1920–1944), the Primary School teacher, Secretary of the Hrodna Clandestine Committee of the Leninist Young Communist League of Belarus. 1975. Bronze, granite. 60х28х35
Valiantsin Zankovich. 1937. Hero City Fights. 1985. Bronze. 85х30х33
Aliaksandr Finski. 1953. The First Teacher. 1982. Bronze. 53х31х25
Aliaksandr Miatlitski. 1953–2003. Portrait of Private Vasso. 1979. Wood. 48х26х28
Lew Liejtman. 1896–1974. Youth Brigade of the Tractor Plant at Work. 1950. Gouache, watercolor on paper. 35x50
Piotr Lysienka. 1931–2010. At the Bus Stop. 1970. From the series ‘Young Lukoml’. Black chalk on paper. 57x74
Mikalaj Ryzhykaw. 1939–2012. Operators. From the series ‘Hrodna. Komsomol Shock-Work Construction’. 1970. Etching on paper. 49x43
Leanid Marchanka. 1941–1996. Summer in Zolotinka. Mikalaj Kiedyshka Avenue. From the series ‘Baikal-Amur Mainline’. 1976. Etching on paper. P. 60x70; ill. 47,7x52,7
Rygor Gantsievich. 1915–1986. Poster ‘50 years of Komsomol‘. 1970. Tempera on paper. 80x60
Liudmila Kalmajeva. 1946. Poster ‘In memory of Mikalaj Chiepik’. 1985. Gouache on cardboard. 90x60
Juryj Pen. 1854–1937. Komsomol Shoemaker. 1925. Oil on cardboard. 99x78
Mikhas Filipovich. 1896–1947. Komsomol Member in theNational Dress. Thelate 1920s. Oil on canvas. 121,5x102
Raisa Kudrievich. 1919–2000. The First Rehearsal. 1963. Oil on canvas. 220x146
Alhierd Malishiewski. 1921–1989. Oath. 1970. Oil on canvas. 174x224
Isaak Davidovich. 1911–1990. Narach True Story. 1967. Oil on canvas. 176,5x192,5
Mikhail Savitski. 1922–2010. Komsomol Members. 1970. Oil on canvas. 200x150
Maj Danzig. 1930–2017. Kupala’s Lines. 1972. Oil on canvas. 131x171
Raisa Kudrievich. 1919–2000. Spring. Year of 1945. 1970. Oil on canvas. 180x179,6
Ivan Tsikhanaw. 1922–1993 Partisans and Komsomol Members at the Tractor Plant Construction. 1983. Oil on canvas. 200x255
Ivan Akhriemchyk. 1903–1971. Komsomol Kostya, worker at the Minsk Tractor Plant. 1960. Oil on canvas. 100,5x79,5
Raisa Kudrievich. 1919–2000. New Address. 1967. Oil on canvas. 179,5x120
Mikalaj Paliankow. 1921–2005. On a Pass. 1965. Oil on canvas. 109x185
Maj Danzig. 1930–2017. Heritage. 1973. Oil on canvas. 249,6x299,3
Aliaksandr Kishchanka. 1933–1997. Komsomol Members of the 1970s. 1971. Oil on canvas. 140x120
Nadzeja Livientsava. 1952. Komsomol Organizer. 1976. Oil on canvas. 116x87,5
Mikalaj Sieliashchuk. 1947–1996. Portrait of Sviatlana Sukhaviej, actress, delegate to the 19th All-Union Komsomol Congress. 1983. Oil on canvas. 120x120
Leanid Shchamialiow. 1923. Seventeen-year-old Youth. 1977. Oil on canvas. 200x250
Mikhail Chiepik. 1925–2000. Working Term. 1975. Oil on canvas. 167x183
Valiantsin Barawko. 1940–1988. Shift. 1973. Oil on canvas. 140x200
Contemporary Belarusian Art Department