To the 175th Anniversary of Aleksey Savrasov
To the 175th Anniversary of Aleksey Savrasov
“...In the charm of the Russian landscape
there is authentic charming, but
it opens not for everybody
and even not each artist can see it...”, wrote poet Nikolay Zabolotsky.
Aleksey Savrasov not only saw the authentic charming of the native Russian nature, but also was able to realize it on his own canvases with remarkable art power. "Study nature, paint studies, And, the main thing, feel", - he told to his pupils. Savrasov's look on nature differed by such spontaneity and freshness, that was not yet know to Russian painting. Romantic attitude to the world and rare talent helped the artist to find the beauty and poetry in the most simple, ordinary things. A. Savrasov became the creator of the national lyrical landscape, his pictures "Rooks have arrived" and "Byroad" has opened the new ways for the further development of the landscape art.
А. Savrasov was born in Moscow in not very rich merchant's family in 1830. He has got art education in the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpting. His teacher was K. Rabus, personality bright and outstanding, person, selflessly dedicated to art. After completion of the school Savrasov went abroad, he visitted Germany, Switzerland, France, England. These trips helped the artist to better feel the distinctions of the native land. His new vision of the landscape and problems standining before him have complied with a complex process, that was in the public life of Russia of the second half of the 19th century. Fine art gained more democratic nature, in it revealled close relationship with prevailing public moods. The life of the Russian people in all its difficulties and fullness became the main content of many of his works. Approving of the national themes occurred in the landscape painting as well. The main particularity of the Russian realistic landscape of the second half of the 19th century - is a simplicity of the motive. New aesthetic value required other figurative order, other picturesque language. The pictures of A. Savrasov "have spoken" with the spectator this new language .
The collection of the National Art Museum of the RB has four works, created by the artist in the 60-90s of the 19th century.
Picture "Sundown" (58,5 80,5. On the right down: 1862. Savrasov'; Acquired in 1957 at the private owner. RZH-874) is painted in 1862.
...Warm summer evening slowly goes out . The last rays of the Sun light up the powerful oaks on the edge of a forest, running away in distance road. The first plan is carefully drawn: worn ruts, wayside herbs and flowers. All things in the picture breathe quietness and silence. Brown and green tones dominate in the color gamma, which is brightened by red and golden band of the Sundown. Savrasov creates solemn, dignified landscape, pervaded by the epic sounding.
Landscape "Evening" of 1877(141 105.On the right down: 1877. A. Savrasov'. Acquired in 1950 from the DHVP fund . RZH-1484) other by the mood . Late autumn. Gloomy sky and high, leaving skyward stems of the pine, rising on a small hill are reflected at the small bog, shawn on the first plan. The major part of the canvas occupies the sky, covered by the evening haze. Color gamma is in dark, ochre and brown tones. The picture gives birth to the piercing feeling of solitude, misplacement in comfortless, autumn world.
Landscape "Winter Road" (47х71.On the left down:A.Savrasov' Acquired in 1962 at the private owner. RZH-837) is created in the 1870s.
Over the snow-clad plain hangs the low sky, it is masterfully painted in rich shades of gamma of the light grey and dark grey tones. A small village, hardly seen in snow, seems quite abandoned. The road gets lost in vast distances. The picture shows sadness of the boundless Russian plains, particularly severe in winter.
"Early Spring"(1880-1890s. The same name variant of the 1880-1890s can be found in GRM. 51х 38. On the left down: A.Savrasov'. Acquired in 1948 at the private owner.RZH-627) by the motive reminds famous picture "Rooks have arrived" ( Savrasov often repeated it for the customers).
Everything is close and familiar to the Russian heart: march melting snow, standing in the snowdrifts nacked trees with jacks of rooks on thin branches, dilapidated fence, small church with bell-tower. Plain, nondescript ordinary corner, thousand of them in any city of the average Russia. But as profound, as significant this simplicity! It seems, that we breathe damp air of the early spring, hear the shouts of rooks, see over gloomy sky with transparent clouds. Living nature in the whole charming of the first spring days is carried out in a poetical, animated by a talented hand image of Russia. Looking on this small landscape, instinctively recall the word of P. Tretyakov: "It is not necessary for me neither rich nature, nor splendid composition, nor striking illumination, no miracles. Give me a dirty puddle, in all her truth, poetry, but poetry can be in all, this is a deal of the artist". These words conclude the whole aesthetic program of new time. Continuing in his creative activity the traditions of Venetsianov and his school, A. Savrasov enriches the Russian national landscape by new thought and feelings.
A.Savrasov was not only remarkable artist, but also the best teacher. It is enough to name the name two of his pupils: Isaak Levitan and Konstantin Korovin. I. Levitan has said beautiful words about his teacher : "Savrasov tried to find in the most simple and common things that intimate, deeply touching, often sad features, which are so powerfully felt in our native landscape and so irresistibly act on the soul. The lyrics appeared in painting of the landscape with Savrasov and boundless love to the native land."
Authors of the project:
Text – Head of lecture-excursion work sector of the Department of scientifically-educational work of the NAM of the RB M.A.Scherbakova
Illustrative row (photos) - D.Kozlov
Site editor- Head of multimedia technology sector of the Department of scientifically-educational work of the NAM of the RB P. Yanitskaya
Authors of the project express special thanks to:
Keeper of the fund, leading scientific employee E. Shaposhnikova, employee of the technical service V. Mischenko, for help in the organization of the exhibition.