Aliaksandra Pasliadovich (1918–1988). To the 100 anniversary of birth
Aliaksandra Pasliadovich was born on April 23, 1918 in Minsk into the family of a railway man. In 1938–1941 studied at the Viciebsk Art College under Khanan Guterman and Fiodar Fogt. During evacuation worked at kolkhoz, car plant, then was a tour guide at the Art Museum of the city of Ufa and in the “Bashkir Artist” association. In 1943–1950 studied at the Ilya Repin Institute of Fine Arts, Sculpture and Architecture under famous artists Konstantin Rudakov, Vladimir Konashevich, Gennady Epifanov. Graduation project – design of “The Courage” book by Vera Ketlinskaya. However, later on the artist hardly ever worked with illustration, giving unconditional preference to easel graphics. She took part in republican, all-Union and international exhibitions. In 1964–1966 she taught at the Belarusian State Theater and Art Institute. In 1963 was awarded the title of the Honored Artist of the BSSR. She was awarded three bronze medals at the Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy of the USSR.
The exhibition features a small part of the collection of works by Aliaksandra Pasliadovich from the collection of the National Art Museum – from the earliest to the late ones. Her work was obviously developing in accordance with the evolution of Soviet art, but she was able to stick to her own note and intonation in the common choir. Moreover, the characters of her paintings remained basically the same – the so-called “men of the people”. She was fascinated by the peasants, their appearance, labor and art. She looked for and found adequate means to embody the things that attracted her in the villagers – their calmness, strength and natural simplicity. While to express her personal emotions, intensions and enthusiasm she mainly used still-lives and landscapes. The range of technical skills of the artist is quite impressive and fully justifies her academic education – she worked with pastel, watercolor, lithography, linocut, etching, dry needle and aquatint. Each technique appeared when the image evoked it, though sometimes, perhaps, the technique itself prompted the visual representation. In any case, Alesia Pasliadovich is a prominent name in the Belarusian graphics. Her work combines classical knowledge with modernity, the folk imagery with the sophistication of the professional form, and the expressive line with the rich color.