REPLICA OF BEAUTY
Art historians have two opposing views: some of them tell about the subject uniqueness that cannot be replicated. As Heraclitus said, ‘you could not steptwice into the same river’. The others – which are the majority – consider that the art requires a repetition, as well as it belongs to the heritage of humanity. In 1794, the workshop L’ATELIER DE MOULAGE was founded in Louvre with a main goal to preserve works of art in a simple manner making copies of sculptures from collections and permanent exhibition of the Louvre. In the mid-20th century, Nadezhda Khodasevich-Leger – a wife of the famous artist Fernand Leger – made a gorgeous gift to the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus (at that time the State Art Museum of the BSSR). She presented to the museum more than a hundred casts of sculptures made in workshop-studio of the Louvre.
In 1978, the casts had been already exhibited in the NAM thereafter they were in store-rooms of the museum for more than thirty years.
The idea of museum as a temple of the art has been entrenched in human culture long ago. One of the main museum tasks is to demonstrate cultural and artistic achievements of the humanity as full as possible. Like the temple it strives for giving an opportunity to visitors to feel something that is timeless as well as to touch fragments of the Truth reproduced by artists and sculptors of the past.
The art has a history but none of the epochs of this history will ever get old. The Ancient Egypt amazes the imagination and it is studied by archaeologists, historians, art historians, but it can remain unexplored till the end.
The Egyptians are inclined to the monumental eternity and able to discover fully a beauty of the phenomenon. As an example, the reliefs depicting people: the body is turned to a viewer, the head is displayed in profile, and the face line is thin and elegant.
Such manner of people representation was typical for artists of the ancient Sumerian kingdoms as well as for reliefs of the Greek antiquity.
The Greeks were famous for volumetric plastic figures. The sculpture of the Greek antiquity combines an authenticity, noble realism and dynamics. The Greek sculpture was exemplary for almost whole world.
The troubles time of the Middle Ages presented to the humanity a bright art of religious and heroic character.
During the Renaissance – an epoch of Michelangelo – artists used the principles of antiquity. The main goal of this period was to recollect methods that were forgotten during the Middle Ages. The art showed again the people with a Greek profile. The plastic art of the Renaissance is characterized by dynamics of feelings, compassion and truthfulness.
The exhibition titled ‘Replica of Beauty’ aimed to give an opportunity to the visitors of the National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus to get acquainted with masterpieces of world importance represented not only in book illustrations but reproduced in full size at the highest professional artistic level.